Directeur de recherche au CNRS / Professeur attaché Département de Philosophie de l'ENS
Areas of Research:
Logic | Language | Epistemology | Cognitive Science
I am a Senior Researcher at CNRS, based at Institut Jean-Nicod in Paris and a Professor in the Philosophy Department of ENS.
In 2023, I am spending a research year at Monash University in the context of the project PLEXUS.
research deals with logic, language, epistemology, and cognitive
science. Much of my work concerns vagueness in language and in
perception. I am particularly interested in the issue of concept
representation, and in the relation between vagueness and perceptual
ambiguity. In the area of logic, my interest has grown over the years
for nonclassical logics, in particular for foundations and applications
of trivalence (to vagueness, logical consequence, conditionals). At IJN
I coordinate the team Concepts, Logic and Reasoning.
I am spending a sabbatical from
teaching this year at Monash University in the context of the
network (coordinated by Pablo Cobreros), concerned with substructural
logics and metainferences. I am doing research with Lorenzo Rossi and
Jan Sprenger on conditional logics and directing a handbook project with
Lorenzo Rossi on three-valued logics (forthcoming with MIT Press).
I am leading two projects
connected to the topic of vagueness. One is the project HYBRINFOX
concerned with the measurement of informational quality in texts (with
emphasis on vagueness detection and applications to infox) using natural
language processing methods. This project is joint with IRISA (and the
team LinkMedia), Mondeca and Airbus, and relies on the collaboration of
Benjamin Icard. From 2019 to 2023 I have coordinated the ANR project
AMBISENSE, an interdisciplinary project with Daniel Pressnitzer, Vincent
de Gardelle and Jackson Graves, on access to perceptual ambiguity.
Eduardo Barrio, I have recently edited a special issue of the Journal
of Philosophical Logic on Substructural
Logics and Metainferences.
With John MacFarlane, I have
coordinated a Berkeley-Paris program on probability and meaning
(2020-2022). From 2019 to 2022, I have conducted at IJN a dual research
and development project called DIEKB (Disinformation in Evolving
Knowledge Bases). I
have also been a member of the project PROBASEM (2019-2022), directed
by my colleague Benjamin
Spector, with emphasis on the probabilistic modeling of
vagueness. From 2014 to 2018, with Benjamin Spector I
co-directed the ANR program "Trivalence
and Natural Language Meaning".
Between 2008 and 2011 I conducted an ANR funded project on the topic "Cognitive Origins of Vagueness". I am currently the Editor-in-Chief of the Review of Philosophy and Psychology (RPP), a peer -reviewed journal edited quarterly at Institut Jean-Nicod and published by Springer. In 2016 I was a Visiting Fellow of the Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study.
que le Vague ? Chemins Philosophiques, Vrin, décembre 2018.